GOAL 8 DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH -In this lesson students will learn about the world’s path for economic development and implications of not having access to work. Students will also learn about their rights as minors in the workforce and skills to overcome the high rates of young adults unemployment.
YOU WILL NEED
Knowledge and understanding of:
The Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Sustainable Development Goals
GDP- Gross Domestic Product or the amount of goods and services a nation or country produces in one year.
HDI- Human Development Index is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Trade Union- an organized association of workers in a trade, group of trades, or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
Gain knowledge in the economic development of nations globally.
Grow in understanding on rights of children in the workforce and children around the world who are in forced labour or recruited as child soldiers.
Learn skills and useful information surrounding career tools and training to better prepare students for entering into the workforce.
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all:
Sustain a higher level of GDP in the least developed nations to at least 7%
Achieve full employment or access to employment for all peoples at equal pay; including men, women, young people, and those with disabilities.
Significantly reduce the levels of youth unemployment and lack of access to upper-education and training.
End forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking
Eradicate all forms of child labour, including the recruitment and uses of child soldiers
Protect and establish proper labour rights in an effort to make safe and secure working environments, especially for migrant workers
Increase aid for developing nations in the efforts to promote business and economic growth
What is Decent Work?
According to the ILO, "Decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives. It involves opportunities for work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men."
Practicing a mock interview may feel awkward and pointless, but studies show that this practice is actually beneficial and helpful when you are in an actual interview!
What is a Mock Interview?
A mock interview is a fake interview scenario that is supposed to simulate a real job interview. Whether you are interviewing to be a barista or a CFO, there are many universal interview questions that are asked. Practicing these questions with another person can be extremely helpful before you’re in the actual interview.
Mock interviews are primarily done one on one. Students can pair up with each other or take turns with the teacher or administrators of the workshop. For students conducting the interviews, make sure to pay attention to the students answer and delivery; are there a lot of pauses, saying of “um”, no eye contact etc. Have the students split the questions equally to avoid questions from being asked twice.
It would be helpful to have a job that the student has chosen to fake interview for. This could be the students dream job or a job they are planning on interviewing for soon.
What makes you an ideal candidate for this position?
What is something unique that you could bring to our company/team?
Can you describe your dream job?
Describe a situation where you were under stress and had to perform a task.
Would you consider yourself a leader?
What is your greatest achievement?
Where do you see yourself in five years?
Why do you want to join our company/ profession?
How has your education prepared you for your career?
Describe a situation where you had a disagreement with a coworker or peer. How did you overcome this situation?
Describe yourself in three words.
What is your biggest weakness?
What has been your greatest achievement?
Why should we hire you?ame a time when you had to work under pressure.
How did you or the person you interviewed answer the questions? Was it more difficult or easier than you thought it would be? Im what areas do you feel like you can improve on?
Answering interview questions can be stressful and more difficult under pressure. When answering questions, make sure you stay come and take your time when answering questions. Its okay to take a moment to think of an appropriate answer. Try and make your answer be positive, beneficial aspects to your personality. Show that you have initiative, leadership, friendly etc. For more tips and tricks in interviews click here. Also look down in the resources section of this workshop to find out more information on how to further your skills in interviewing and preparation for applying for jobs.
Students learn about the privileges that have recently come about since the age of technology.
TEDx Sustainability Through a Circular Economy
Maayke Damen presents on the importance of a circular economy through available resources and labour forces that are already established.
"The latest Innocenti Report Card raises concerns about the impact of inequality on the most disadvantaged children in high income countries. In 19 out of 41 countries studied, the poorest 10 per cent of children live in households that have less than half the income of the median."
The opportunity for decent work or the opportunity for work has been stunted in most countries around the world. Ireland was one of the most affected by the economic crash in 2008. After the “Celtic Tiger” days, the economy suffered in nearly every industry. Jobs were especially affected, with unemployment rates increasing by over 13%. By 2012 the youth unemployment rates reached 31.6%. With recent records positively affecting these numbers, youth unemployment is still a large issue in Ireland. If you are interested in more information on youth unemployment in Ireland and the efforts to counteract these trends, please go to Comhairle Náisiúnta na nÓg’s website here.
For understanding your employment rights; please see the information available here.
The proportion of young people who are not in employment, education or training (the NEET) rose sharply in Ireland during the Great Recession. Up until 2007 the NEET rate in Ireland was below the OECD average averaging around 11%. Between 2006 and 2011 the Irish NEET rate more than doubled from under 11% to over 22%. This compares with a one-fifth increase across the OECD as a whole from its lowest point (2007) to its peak (2010).
Global unemployment increased from 170 million in 2007 to nearly 202 million in 2012, of which about 75 million are young women and men
Nearly 2.2 billion people live below the US$2 poverty line and that poverty eradication is only possible through stable and well-paid jobs
470 million jobs are needed globally for new entrants to the labour market between 2016 and 2030
Ask the class the following questions. Have them write out the questions and have a group discussion surrounding the fears and concerns of the groups. Discuss avenues and resources young people have going into the workforce and further education.Keep in mind the definition the ILO has put in place for "decent work". Use the videos below as a video aid and context for discussions.
How has the world recession affected your life or your future?
What are your current fears for your future career?
What access do you have to decent work?
The Impact of the Recession on Today's Youth
"Since the Great Recession hit in 2008, progress for children has taken a great leap backward. In developed countries, 2.6 million more children are living in poverty, and many wealthy countries have lost 5–10 years of income progress. Is economic recovery on the horizon? Not for children, according to UNICEF’s newly launched Innocenti Report Card"
Michael Lai | TEDxYouth
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, 65% of today’s grade school kids will be in jobs that don’t yet exist.
Caitlin Banke is originally from the San Francisco Bay Area. She has a Bachelor’s degree in International Business from Menlo College and will be concluding her Masters Degree from Trinity College Dublin in International Peace Studies in November 2018. Caitlin has focused her studies and work around women and children's issues.