GOAL 16 PEACE AND JUSTICE
PEACE AND JUSTICE - In this lesson, students will explore the impact of corruption and violence on children. They will be encouraged to consider what rights they have that children in developing countries might not.
YOU WILL NEED
Knowledge and understanding of:
The Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Sustainable Development Goals
IDP- Internally Displaced Person
Refugee- someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group.
Understand the negative impact that corruption has on developing nations and children in particular
Discuss the challenges to ensuring justice evenly across the global community
Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.
Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms
By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
Child Court- Justice for Children in Angola
Justice for Girls in Afghanistan
Improving the Justice System for Children in Croatia
“In a national conflict, the international community should stay out of it and let the country in question determine and deliver justice.”
Our Rights or Theirs?
Create a list of rights that your students are guaranteed under Irish law (i.e., age of consent, marriage, legal rights) and ask them which they think children in a developing country also enjoy. After sharing the answers, host a discussion about the gaps in rights and justice for their peers in developing countries.
Visit the inside of a refugee camp
Imagine if your country became a war zone. Imagine having to leave your home, your friends and most of your family. Imagine leaving behind your pets and most of your belongings. Imagine no longer knowing where your next meal will come from or when you will, if ever, find safety. Imagine being forced to go somewhere without knowing whether you will arrive, without knowing whether you and your family will be welcome, without knowing whether you will be able to survive. Imagine living in a place with a different language or no facilities to bring you comfort. In smaller groups spend the next 10-15 minutes imagining what life might be like for a refugee or migrant.
Divide participants into smaller groups. Give each group a photograph and the selection of questions. Tell them to take turns answering the questions based on the picture and story of the person they were given. Find the questions and photos below. Ask participants to feed back their discussion to the larger group.
Life on the Move
Watch the videos below to help guide discussion and see children's stories in Refugee Camps:
Za’atari Refugee Camp
"The idea that some lives matter less is the root of all that is wrong with the world." Paul Farmer
Globally, one in every 122 humans is now either a refugee, internally displaced, or seeking asylum. If this were the population of a country, it would be the world's 24th biggest. This has been a result of years of ongoing conflict and suffering. Many aid agencies are running out of money to support the growing numbers. The World Food Programme cut food aid in half for Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries. Syria’s neighbours have taken the vast majority of people fleeing conflict. With conditions worsening, thousands of Syrian refugees have been trying to reach Europe, many attempting treacherous sea voyages. Usually more than half of any refugee population are children. Refugee children are first and foremost children, and as children, they need to have their rights respected. As refugees, they are particularly at risk. They are more susceptible to disease, malnutrition and physical injury. They need the support of adults, not only for physical survival, but also for their psychological and social well-being. Children are developing and if they miss key stages of development it can forever damage their physical and mental well-being. As conflict and crises persist children can lose their childhood. We must work together to prevent this and to ensure respect for the rights of these children - and of all children - everywhere.
Understanding Syria: From Pre-Civil War to Post-Assad- Article by The Atlantic
Melissa Fleming: How to help refugees rebuild their world- TED talk
Ask your school to take part in a Whole School Week on the refugee and migrant crisis.Below are suggested workshops that can delivered in each subject. At the end of the week hold a school assembly and discuss what was learned during the week. Ask the school to raise awareness using their social media and inviting local media to highlight the week.
Whole School Week on Refugees and Migrants
CHEMISTRYResearch the work of former refugee Walter Kohn and the impact he had on the field of Chemistry.
CSPEAfter taking part in the "Children on the Move" Workshop. Have a Walking Debate about the refugee migrant crisis in Europe.
GEOGRAPHYLearn which countries refugees are fleeing from and which countries are hosting refugees. Make a list base on refugees per capita.
HistoryRead and discuss this article on what Americans thought of Jewish refugees on the eve of World War II.
RELIGIONDiscuss the differences and similarities between Islam and Christianity. Consider bringing inviting scholars from both faiths to the discussion.
This workshop was written and designed by:
Caitlin Banke is originally from the San Francisco Bay Area. She has a Bachelor’s degree in International Business from Menlo College and will be concluding her Masters Degree from Trinity College Dublin in International Peace Studies in November 2018. Caitlin has focused her studies and work around women and children's issues.