CHALLENGES- In this lesson, explore the challenges encountered by migrants and refugees as they leave their home and arrive in a foreign country. Examine the root causes of these challenges. Discuss ways in which young people can assist newcomers in dealing with these challenges. 


8.23 minute
8.05 minute


If possible, computers to do research

Download Topic Guidance Arrival



  1. Identify some of the challenges experienced when migrating to another country

  2. Identify some of the root causes of these challenges, e.g. discrimination, anti-Semitism

  3. Develop an understanding of migration and the difficulties involved

  4. Recognise that migrants have valuable contributions to make to society 


1st Year Junior Cycle English / Junior Cycle 

  • Key skill: Working with Others

  • Key skill element: Respecting Difference

  • Key skill: Being Literate

  • Key skill element: Exploring and creating a variety of texts, including multi-modal texts ·


Main Learning Outcomes (from English specification) addressed in this lesson: OL 4, OL 10


Introduction: Watch one of the above videos. 

Activity: Divide the group in threes, randomly assign the following countries to the groups. Ask the children to research these countries as though they were moving to them from Ireland.  Inform them that the average length of time a person is displaced from their homes  is 17 years. 

*Explain at the end of the exercise that these are the top refugee hosting countries.*

1. Jordan (2.7 million) 
2. Turkey (2.5 million)

3. Pakistan (1.6 million)  
4. Lebanon (1.5 million)

5. Iran (979,400)

6. Ethiopia (736,100) 

7. Kenya (553,900) 

8. Uganda (477,200)

9. Democratic Republic of Congo (383,100)

10. Chad (369,500)


Ask them to discuss the following questions:

  1. Will they feel a sense of belonging in their new home? Research the cultural differences, religion, dress, customs

  2. What will the housing, food, transport look like?

  3. What language is spoken, how long do you think it will take to learn this new language?

  4. Will you be allowed to work? What sort of work might it be?

  5. Will you be allowed to go to school? If not, think about your future.

  6. Will you face judgement, discrimination or harsh behaviour?

  7. Will you get support to overcome, trauma, distress, shock and or loss? 

  8. How long do you think you will be away from Ireland

  9. Will you have contact with your family back home (is there electricity, phone service)

  10. Will you feel safe?

Discussion Points

What challenges do migrants and refugees face when they come to Ireland? Show Minahil and Natasha's videos. Discuss what obstacles they think Minahil and Natasha faced in their move to Ireland.  Examples include language, cultural differences, feeling you fit in, knowing your rights. 


In support of the campaign, ask young people to share on their social media information about the country they learned and how many refugees they host. #uprooted

Stage 1  GLOBAL

Stage 2  



Share with the children the poster on Convention of the Rights of the Child. Ask them to determine which rights are significant to the topic they have been discussing. 

Article 3 (Best interests) All adults should do what is best for you. When adults make decisions, they should think about how their decisions will affect children.

Article 4 (Protection of rights) The government has a responsibility to make sure your rights are protected. They must help your family protect your rights and create an environment where you can grow learn and reach your potential. 

Article 6 (Survival) You have the right to be alive. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop healthily.

Article 7 (Nationality) You have the right to a nationality (to belong to a country). You also have the right to know and, as far as possible, to be cared for by your parents.

Article 8 (Preservation of identity): You have the right to an identity – an official record of who you are. Governments should respect your right to a name, a nationality and family ties.

Article 9 (Separation from parents): You have the right to live with your parent(s), unless it is bad for you. Children whose parents do not live together have the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might hurt the child.


Article 10 (Family reunification): If you live in a different country than your parents you have the right to be together in the same place. 

Article 12 (Respect for the views of the child): When adults are making decisions that affect you, you have the right to say what you think should happen and have your opinions taken into account.


Article 13 (Freedom of expression): You have the right to get and share information, as long as the information is not damaging to yourself and or others. In exercising the right to freedom of expression, you have the responsibility to also respect the rights, freedoms and reputations of others. The freedom of expression includes the right to share information in any way they choose, including by talking, drawing or writing.

Article 14 (Religion): You have the right to choose your own religion and beliefs. your parents should help you decide what is right and wrong, and what is best for you. 

Article 22 (Refugee children): You have the right to special protection and help if you are refugees (if you have been forced to leave your home and live in another country), as well as all the rights in the Convention.

Article 29 (Goals of education): Your education should help you use and develop your talents and abilities to the fullest. It should also help you to respect others, human rights and you own and other cultures. It should also help you learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people. 

Article 30 (Children of minorities/indigenous groups): Minority or indigenous children have the right to learn about and practice their own culture, language and religion. The right to practice one’s own culture, language and religion applies to everyone; the Convention here highlights this right in instances where the practices are not shared by the majority of people in the country.


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